> Water Pollution Sources
Water Pollution Sources
Air, water and land are considered to the gifts of nature which if lived in harmony will bring peace , happiness and also good health both physically and mentally. Clean air, clean water and fertile land are everybody’s right. But in recent years, there has been a lot of pollution which is taking place in air, water and land.
Water pollution is one of the major problems in India today. The extent of water pollution in India can be assessed that the presence of a water body amidst population is sure to be prone to pollution such as solid pollution, sewerage pollution and through chemical pollution. These are the most common water pollution sources. Water pollution causes the aquatic life that is dependant on water. Studies have shown that prolonged exposure to harmful and lethal chemicals in water is causing aquatic animals to die of poisoning, affecting their immune system and fertility.
Environmental studies have shown that water pollution is rampant in India with more than 20 million gallons of waste is being dumped or released into water bodies, rivers and seas. Around the world, the number is any where between 10 to 15 billion gallons of waste being dumped into rivers and seas. World wide water pollution sources include organic and inorganic wastes, industrial wastes, radioactive wastes, acids and bases, etc. These are the broad categories of water pollution sources.
This is most serious in tropical sea waters where coral reefs flourish. Coral reefs are known to be sanctuaries of thousands of species of marine life. These coral reefs take hundreds of years to grow and colonize sea. But, they are very susceptible to pollution which is destroying them much faster than they can reproduce, pushing them to extinction. The death is not only the death of coral reefs but also the dependant marine life in millions.
Water pollution apart from air and land pollution is rampant in third world and developing countries. Water pollution causes in these countries include lack of education, prevalence of ignorance, lack of proper waste management technologies, lack of strong legislation and execution from the government, corruption, increase in population, etc. Apart from these issues, governments in these countries are more focused on industrial development and less concerned about sustainable environmental protection.
In many developing countries, the government lacks the determination, sources, funds, technology and expertise to tackle the issues of waste management. Without waste management water pollution causes many problems to humans which include diseases, deaths. Diseases further increase the burden of governments in providing health care which is an additional expenditure annually.